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International Humic 代理

简要描述:北京百奥创新代理International Humic在中国的业务。International Humic 代理,International Humic 代理,International Humic华东代理,International Humic华北代理,International Humic华中代理,International Humic华南代理

  • 产品型号:型号齐全
  • 厂商性质:代理商
  • 更新时间:2018-03-09
  • 访  问  量:215
详情介绍

北京百奥创新代理International Humic在中国的业务。International Humic代理,International Humic 代理,International Humic华东代理,International Humic华北代理,International Humic华中代理,International Humic华南代理,International Humic 代理

Humic substances (HS) are complex and heterogeneous mixtures of polydispersed materials formed in soils, sediments, and natural waters by biochemical and chemical reactions during the decay and transformation of plant and microbial remains (a process called humification). Plant lignin and its transformation products, polysaccharides, melanin, cutin, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, fine char particles, etc., are important components taking part in this process. Humic substances are involved in many processes in soils and natural waters: e.g., soil weathering, plant nutrition, pH buffering, trace metal mobility and toxicity, bioavailability, degradation and transport of hydrophobic organic chemicals, formation of disinfection by-products during water treatment, and heterotrophic production in blackwater ecosystems. Accordingly, humic substances have received attention from scientists in a wide variety of disciplines.International Humic 代理

,International Humic产品列表:

Cat. No.SourceCarboxylPhenolicQ1Log K1n1Q2Log K2n2NRMSE
 

 

 

Sources: (1) School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, U.S.A.; (2) Department of Chemistry, Environmental Sciences Ph.D. Program, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, U.S.A.
References: (1) J. D. Ritchie and E. M. Perdue, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta67, 85-96 (2003); (2) S. J. Driver and E. M. Perdue, Advances in the Physicochemical Characterization of Dissolved Organic Matter: Impact on Natural and Engineered Systems, American Chemical Society, 1160: 75-86 (2014).
 
Solutions containing 0.36 ± 0.01 g L-1 (on a dry ash-free basis) of an IHSS sample in 0.1 M NaCl were titrated from their initial pH values of 3.0-3.3 to final pH values of 10.5-10.7 in 25-35 minutes, using 6-8 mL increments of carbonate-free 0.100 M NaOH. All titrations were conducted under a N2 atmosphere in a thermostated water bath at 25.00 ± 0.02 °C. At least three titrations were obtained for each sample. The stock solutions of soil, peat, leonardite, and Summit Hill humic acids also contained 0.002 M NaOH, which was needed to effectively disperse/dissolve those samples, and an equivalent quantity of HCl that was added just before a titration was started.
Carboxyl is the charge density (meq/g C) at pH 8.0; Phenolic is two times the change in charge density (meq/g C) between pH 8.0 and pH 10.0.
The overall charge density (in meq/g C) of a humic substance increases systematically with pH (or with the concentration of H+). The equation on the right, known historically as a modified Henderson-Hasselbalch equation for two classes of binding sites, was used to fit titration data and obtain the set of model fitting parameters in this table.modified Henderson-Hasselbalch
The fitting parameters of the model were obtained by a nonlinear least-squares fit of the model to aggregated sets of replicate titration data. Q1 and Q2 are the maximum charge densities of the two classes of binding sites, Log K1 and Log K2are the mean log K values for proton binding by the two classes of sites, and n1 and n2 are empirical parameters that control the width (in log K) of a class of proton binding sites. N is the number of fitted titration data points, and RMSE is the root mean-square error for fitting this model to the data (see Reference). This model, also known in more recent literature as a Langmuir-Freundlich equation, is the primary building block of the NICA class of models.
An * means that a sample is no longer available, and nd means that an item was not determined.
Standard HA 
Suwannee River I *1S101H(1)9.594.2410.694.423.792.289.681.111130.0673
Suwannee River II2S101H(1)9.133.729.744.353.304.4810.441.731710.0815
Elliott Soil1S102H(1)8.281.878.904.363.160.859.801.001690.0943
Pahokee Peat1S103H(1)9.011.919.644.223.200.949.861.001450.0865
Leonardite1S104H(1)7.462.318.174.593.321.139.721.311060.0532
Standard FA 
Suwannee River I1S101F(1)11.442.9112.003.803.211.489.521.001090.1053
Suwannee River II2S101F(1)11.172.8411.663.763.242.059.841.451230.1072
Elliott Soil I *1S102F(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd
Elliott Soil II2S102F(1)13.242.2714.123.673.620.749.531.001110.1375
Pahokee Peat I *1S103F(1)13.342.3214.223.993.330.769.571.001170.1028
Pahokee Peat II2S103F(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd
Reference HA 
Suwannee River *1R101H(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd
Pahokee Peat1R103H(1)8.872.059.544.263.251.019.851.001170.0773
Nordic Lake1R105H(1)9.063.2310.324.324.221.649.891.111050.0740
Summit Hill Soil1R106H(1)7.142.427.534.473.121.319.231.571060.0480
Waskish Peat1R107H(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd
Reference FA 
Suwannee River1R101F(1)12.233.1112.943.813.361.609.621.001150.1312
Pahokee Peat *1R103F(1)15.241.7816.253.733.541.3110.741.001290.1586
Nordic Lake1R105F(1)11.163.1812.153.793.951.499.671.001070.1121
Waskish Peat1R107F(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd
Pony Lake FA1R109F(2)7.091.756.914.521.921.439.481.7712560.0340
Aquatic NOM
Suwannee River I1R101N(1)9.853.9410.573.943.602.619.741.191120.0725
Suwannee River II2R101N(2)11.212.4711.204.163.441.609.991.0317050.1360
Nordic Lake1R108N(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd
Upper Mississippi River1R110N(2)12.430.8312.513.472.690.9110.001.0016260.0800
Bulk Materials
Elliott SoilBS102M(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd
Pahokee PeatBS103P(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd
LeonarditeBS104L(1)ndndndndndndndndndnd

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